Profile of Riau Isles
Riau Isles Province, geographically, is located on 0o29 South Latitude and 04o40' North Latitude and between 103o22 109o4 East Longitude. Riau Archipelago Province is adjacent to :
- Singapore, Malaysia and Riau Province in the west,
- East Malaysia and West Kalimantan in the east,
- Vietnam and Cambodia in the north,
- South Sumatera and Jambi Province in the south.
As isles province, about 95,79% or about 241.215,30 cubic kilometers of Riau isles is sea that is separated the islands. Land area of this province is 4,21 % or 10.595,41 cubic kilometers, so total area of Riau Isles is 251.810,71 square kilometers.
Riau Isles Province that is capitalized in Tanjungpinang is divided into 5 regencies and 2 cities, namely Regency of Bintan, Regency of Karimun, Regency of Kepulauan Anambas, Regency of Lingga, Regency of natuna, City of Batam and City of Tanjung Pinang. The biggest area of Riau Isles is Regency of Karimun with area of 2.873,20 square kilometers or 27,12 % , while the smallest area is City of Tanjungpinang with area of 239,50 square kilometers or 2,26 %.
Riau Isles Province has wet tropical climate. There are two seasons in Riau Isles, hot season and rainy season that are surrounded by transition climate with lowest average temperature of 26,8oC in Tanjungpinang Station and the highest temperature of 31,6oC in Tarempa Station. Air humidity of Riau Isles is about 80,6% - 90%. In 2012, the highest one was noted at Tanjungpinang station with 271,1 mm and the lowest one was 115 mm.
Economic structure of Riau Isles Province in 2012 was dominated by agriculture sector (4,06 %), processing (50,23 %) and trading sector (23,72 %). In agriculture sector, the biggest contribution is from cassava, followed by sweet potato and corn.
Main commodity of Riau Isles Province is agriculture, plantation, stockbreeding and services sector. Main commodities in agriculture sector are corn , sweet potato and cassava and plantation sub-sector with commodities of oil palm, rubber, coffee, coconut, pepper and clove; fishery sub-sector with commodities of fishery catch, sea culture, fresh water pond culture, and brackish cultivation. Main Commodities of Stockbreeding sector are cow, pig, goat and buffalo. Main commodities of services sector are tourism, nature and culture tourism.
To support the economic's activity, Riau Isles has 6 airports, namely Dabo Airport, Hang Nadim Airport, Raja haji Fisabilillah International Airport, Matak Airport, Ranai Airport, and Sei Bati Karimun Airport. There are 2 roads in Riau Isles, namely government road and provincial road. Provincial road length is 679,49 km, while government road length is 333,99 km. For sea transportation, it has 17 seaports, namely Batu Ampar Port, Beton Sekupang Port, CPO Kabil Port, kijang Port, Moro Port, Nongsa Port, Pertamina Sambu Port, PT.ANTAM Tbk BAUKSIT KIJANG Port, PT.TAMBANG TIMAH KUNDUR Port Karimun Regency, Sambu/ Lumba Island Port Batam City, Pelabuhan Sekupang Port (Sekupang International), Senayang Port Lingga Regency, Sri Payung Batu Anam Port, Tanjung Balai Karimun Port Karimun Regency, Tanjung Batu Kundur Port Karimun Regency, Tanjung Pinang Port (Sri Bintan Pura) and Tanjung Uban Port Bintan Regency. It has 9 industrial areas, namely Batamindo Industrial Park, Bintang Industrial Park, Bintan Industrial Estate, Kabil Integrated Industrial Estate, Panbil Industrial Estate, Puri Industrial Park 2000, Tunas Industrial Estate, Union Industrial Park, dan West Point Maritime Industrial Park that are supported by electrics and telecommunication facilities.
Kepulauan Riau Dalam Angka 2013
Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Kepulauan Riau